Evaluation of Cassava Processing Enterprise in Imo State, Nigeria.
Anyanwu, U. G.
MetadataShow full item record
This study evaluated the cassava processing enterprise in Imo State. The specific objectives of the study were to examine the socioeconomic characteristics of farmers involved in cassava processing enterprise, identify the various processed forms of cassava, describe the various processing techniques of cassava, estimate and compare net returns accruing to cassava processors across the zones and to determine factors that influence net returns from value addition to cassava. Hypothesis I stated that there are no significant differences in the net returns of cassava processors due to value addition in the three agricultural zones, while hypothesis II stated that net returns from value addition to cassava is positively and significantly related to level of education organization membership, occupation and extension contact and negatively an, business size, processing experience, social d significantly related to age and household size. Primary data were collected using a set of structured questionnaire from 106 processors who were selected using multistage sampling techniques from the three agricultural zones of the state. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and other appropriate statistical and econometric tools such as ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that majority of processors in the study area were aged, experienced and relatively educated. Again, results showed the various processed forms of cassava as well as their processing techniques. From the results, Okigwe zone recorded the highest net returns of about N70,860.4 for garri enterprise relative to Orlu and Owerri zones which recorded net returns of N70,586.00 and N69,405.00 respectively. For fufu enterprise, Owerri zone recorded the highest net return of N71,539.90 followed by Orlu and Okigwe zones which recorded net returns of N63,206 and N61,786.80 respectively. For tapioca enterprise, Orlu zone had the highest net return of N28,070 followed by Owerri and Okigwe zones that had N26,843.3 and N23,469.3 respectively. In akara-akpu enterprise, Okigwe zone recorded the highest net return of N16,641.08 relative to Orlu and Owerri zones which had net return of N15,218.6 and N14,548.9 respectively. For starch enterprise, net return was highest for Okigwe zone which recorded N7,664.7 followed by Orlu and Owerri zones having net return of N7,533.6 and N4,904.5 respectively. Consequently, the results of the exponential function showed that all the included explanatory variables have about 82.39% explanation to the total variation in net returns, and were significant at 1% and 5% critical levels respectively. However, the ANOVA model showed that there are no significant differences in net returns across the three agricultural zones of the state. The major perceived constraints recorded were inadequate capital, high rate of rural-urban migration and high cost of farm inputs. However, there is need for the government to provide farmers with the requisite credit facilities with little or no collateral as well as subsidize agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, planting materials, etc to ensure maximum output and high net returns. It was also recommended that the government, NGOs and the agricultural engineers should assist the farmers by designing and making available to farmers low cost processing equipments to facilitate processing and reduce time spent on each operation and labour required for each processing operation.