Physicochemical Characteristics and Nutritive Value of some Commercial Broiler Feeds Sold in Owerri for Turkey Production.
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The physical and chemical characteristics of some commercial b roiler feeds sold in Owerri and their feeding value for turkeys were determined and compared with formulated turkey feed . Four broiler st arter and grower feeds made up of a formulated turkey feed(control A) and three commercial broiler feeds (B, C and D) each were analyzed for their physical characteristics and proximate compositions. One hundred and twenty (120) 7 - day - old turkey poults wer e fed feeds A, B, C and D at the starter phase while Ninety (90) 29 – day old turkeys were fed feeds A, B and C at the grower phase. The turkey poults and growers were divided into groups of 30 with 3 replicates of 10 and assigned to the different feeds in a co mplete randomized design (CRD) while the grower poults were divided into groups of 21 with 3 replicates of 7. Broiler starter feeds were provided for the first 28days, followed by the growers from 29 to 84days. The broiler starter feeds A and B had sig nificantly (p<0.05) higher water holding capacity values than feeds C and D. Values for the grower feeds were similar. Feed A (starter and grower) had a significantly (p<0.05) higher bulk density and specific gravity values than feeds B, C and D. Crude pr otein values were higher in feed A than the commercial feeds. Feed D had the poorest proximate composition value. Turkey poults and growers fed feed A had higher weight gain a nd better feed conversion ratio than those fed the commercial feeds. Feed cost/kg weight gain was lower in turkeys fed feed A than feeds B, C and D. It is concluded that the three commercial feeds tested are low in their physical and proximate values, unable to improve the performance of turkeys, increased the cost of production and sh o uld not be recommended for use by farmers for turkey production. Key words: commercial feed, quality, turkey, performan ce, production cost